Here we are going to focus on Fluency and Coherence in the Band Descriptors for the IELTS speaking test

You will be marked on how well you can talk without hesitation or repetition. You will also be marked for your use or misuse of discourse markers and connectives. If you have a lot of these in your vocabulary and you use them well, you will improve your chances of speaking fluently without too much hesitation and repetition.Conversing in English is more than just stating facts , the conversation needs to "flow" and remain interesting. Discourse markers connect words and phrases by succinctly and explicitly relating what has just been said to what is about to be said. 

Lets look at a few of these here:

Discourse markers - are words or phrases like anyway, right, okay, like I said, as I was saying, to begin with. We use them to connect, organise and manage what we say or write or to express attitude. Some discourse markers are used to start and to end conversations. Some are used to start new topics or to change topics.Here are some examples:

Right, let’s get started, Now, where should we start?

Changing or managing a topic-Anyway, lets leave that for now (changing the topic). Anyway, as I was saying (returning to the topic)

Ending a topic-That's it really!, All done and dusted! (idiom)

For more help with discourse markers here is a suggested web page you might like to visit, copy and paste into your browser: 

 Next we will look at Connectives - Connectives join two separate ideas in two sentences or paragraphs.
Meanwhile - I will be busy in the study all day, meanwhile could you sort out the bedroom please? meaning "could you do that at the same time please"? 

Furthermore - I like to drive my car, and furthermore I enjoy repairing it. meaning "I also like to"

On the other hand - I enjoy walking but on the other hand , not too far, meaning "I like short walks"

For more in depth examples please visit:

Try not to keep repeating the same ones when speaking, vary them and use in the right place, next time we will look at Lexical resource in the context of the speaking test.